We data its life events during the 1945–1955
The analyses question Karelian people produced from inside the an east Finnish province, Karelia, and you will moved to west Finland in 2nd World Combat. Karelians belonged towards the Finnish ethnic category, however, talked their particular Karelian dialect of Finnish vocabulary. Faith from inside the Finland is primarily Lutheran, but 14% of one’s exhausted people professed adherence to your Orthodox trust ( Kananen 2013). Finland at that time was mostly agrarian and you will the fresh areas was indeed removed so you’re able to resettle the fresh new displaced Karelian growers ( Waris et al. 1952). The economical situation try hard pursuing the combat and you may rebuilding and investing combat reparations so you can Soviet Relationship affected the fresh new benefit and you can community heavily ( Pihkala 1999). However, paying reparations and you will trade anywhere between Finland and you will Soviet Union and additionally enhanced the pace out-of industrialization. Recent years adopting the war was basically described as highest marriage and you can fertility rates, providing go up to your age bracket also known as “seniors” ( Karisto 2007). Marriage ceremonies within displaced Karelians and you can neighbors improved in many years following the the battle indicating consolidation ( Waris 1952). Virility cost refused about 1950s and you can Finland are urbanizing while you are ladies’ labor involvement is seemingly highest compared such as for example that have Joined States ( Sweetser and you can Piepponen 1967). Lindberg (1955) found that during this time period of wedlock births had been unusual, however, somewhat more prevalent into the outlying (20 for each a lot of births) in the place of metropolitan (fifteen.step 3 per a lot of births) environment. Virility was large inside outlying (113.8 for every single a thousand women aged 20–44 years) instead of urban (78.4 for each a https://kissbrides.com/no/russianbeautydate-anmeldelse/ lot of ladies aged 20–49 decades) environment. Separation and divorce has also been uncommon and you can costs differed rather anywhere between rural and you will urban surroundings (elizabeth.g., outlying = 51 divorces for each 100,000 individuals; urban 216 for every single 100,100000 members of the entire year 1950).
We make use of a huge interior migration knowledge the Finnish society faced after 31 November 1939, in the event the Soviet Relationship invaded Finland and you will five months after this new southern area Finnish Karelia-up to 10% off Finnish territory-are ceded to the Soviet Relationship pressuring just as much as 410,one hundred thousand individuals (12% of one’s people off Finland at the time) to flee western ( Waris mais aussi al. 1952). The latest Finnish authorities then followed funds act to include property to own farmers to exchange the newest territory that they had shed into the Karelia. Even when each community in the Karelia try assigned to a specific place in west Finland to store organizations along with her, people were liberated to flow regardless of where otherwise they desired to and you will frequently performed thus. Protecting farms for evacuees out of outlying section took a while, but from the 1950 the newest resettlement processes were completed ( Waris et al. 1952). Post-war intercourse rates inside the Finland was indeed affected by brand new big casualties for the battle and this ranged across the groups simply on account of differential mortality prices out of geographically constructed regiments early in the battle ( Leskinen and you may Juutilainen 1999).
For every single entry on the documents lists the name, intercourse, go out off delivery, birthplace, industry, seasons off elizabeth, gender, and big date away from delivery of all pupils), registration in different communities, and the many years and you can names of all metropolitan areas they’d stayed out-of birth until the big date they certainly were questioned
A not too long ago digitized MiKARELIA lifetime records database of Karelian evacuees are extracted from records named “Siirtokarjalaisten wrap” which were accumulated out of interviews of the Karelian evacuees ( Loehr mais aussi al. 2017). Interviews taken place anywhere between 1968 and you can 1970, and you can an attempt was created locate folk who had been evacuated off Karelia from inside the battle. If they was basically e, day out-of beginning, birthplace, and occupation of its spouse were also detailed. These types of books have been scanned and you can application was developed (Kaira Key and you will Sheer Words Control [NLP] app available for use for the Finnish vocabulary) to help you digitize and you can pull these records (discover Loehr ainsi que al. 2017 to have reveal dysfunction of data removal steps therefore the MiKARELIA databases). Entertaining map imagining path across the country prior to the conflict and up up to 1967 is visible into the
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